Now, this is all good stuff but none of this explains what to do when you're in a situation that requires immediate medical attention. Welcome to Shredder's Battlefield Casualty Drills Lesson, drink and eat during the lesson and if there's a fire we'll all just die then.
I've put some very nice visual aides in for you guys as well. A lot of this is self-explanatory, I will exclude some drills and explanations to shorten the post.
For every individual casualty you return to this page, it will guide you to the correct treatment plan. If you are under fire you assume the person hit is dead unless the Squad Leader/Section Commander decides to do a battlefield casualty extraction. Once you have control of the firefight you can start checking to actually see if they are dead.
Asses: you are to assess if the area around you is safe, there are no bullets, explosives, enemy reinforcements are coming your way. Let's also just say there is only 1 casualty.
Communicate: Up, down, left, and right. This means you communicate up the chain of command that someone is injured, down if you are in charge of someone, left and right to all the people in your immediate area that someone is injured.
We're heading over to drill two since there is only one casualty
You are searching for a Catastrophic bleed Usually bright red, usually very easy to spot if someone has been shot. Catastrophic bleeds must be treated immediately otherwise the person is going to die very, very quickly. While it usually is gunshot wounds or missing limbs some of the bleeding is internal
"But isn't that where the blood is supposed to be?"
Well yes, but no. Your organs have begun bleeding into any cavity they can find in your body, internal bleeding is usually identified as large purple splotches under the skin, but we don't treat those here.
So if its a yes to CAT BLEED its either on one of the limbs of the body or Other. If it's on a limb you apply a tourniquet, anything can be a tourniquet a common item used as a makeshift one is a belt, it restricts blood flow to the wound. Don't apply it below the wound, it won't work, don't apply it onto the wound, you'll crush it and the poor guy is in enough pain. Above the wound, tighten as much as possible but also try and save as much of the limb as possible. There's a large difference in prosthetics whether they are above or below the knee/elbow.
Make sure to write the time on the TQ or on his face with black sharpie, helps the Docs.
If they're still bleeding apply another TQ above the first TQ, if bleeding continues after that start packing the wound with bandages.
Don't put tourniquets on necks they will die.
Other: all chest wounds suck but that's another lesson. Pack out the wound with bandages, which includes exit wounds so roll them over and physically check their back for an exit wound to plug.
Onwards to Drill 3!
This should look familiar, this is the start to the TV advert that did "Stayin' Alive" A point to note, however, be careful when clearing airway (it's usually vomit btw) they may wake up and bite your fingers off, so remember its thumb, index, and middle so its harder to bite off.
If you come back under enemy fire, assume the casualty is dead and go back to the master drill and win the firefight.
Either of those left two can be googled. So starting BLS (not the band) Basic Life Support, it is chest compressions and the life saving breaths. If they do not start breathing on their own you only stop when either a doctor shows up you are physically exhausted and cannot continue and if its someone you like, you will continue until that doctor shows up.
But if they do start breathing.
Check every surface of their body with your hands, and yes every there are a lot of veins and arteries around the genitles where it could be a Cat Bleed. Divide the body up; arms, legs, head, torso. Pat down the person and check your hands for blood every so often.
A lot of the drill is making sure what you did before is correct and is rechecking for more bleeding and the TQs you put are working.
Drill 10 is Evac
Drill 8 is Pain relief, a thing to note, if they are unconscious they do not need pain relief no matter how much pain they look like they're in. If they wake up and start screaming, that's when you do pain relief such as morphine or fentanyl.
Drill 6 is breaks and dislocations, everybody usually had a class of that in school on how to immobilize a limb.
Skipping through the rest there is only this left to learn
Pretty self-explanatory, T1 (stands for Triage) which is the worst. T2 for example is if you break your leg and can't walk. T3 is the walking wounded.
Now you may go "But Shredder! I've seen people in movies get shot and they can walk, run, and even keep fighting!"
Keep movies to the movies, in real life, you either fall to the ground immediately in pain or you're already so hopped up on adrenaline that they don't notice. Even if they get shot, continue to fight, get treatment in time before they collapse. They are still T1. Gunshots are always T1.
When writing stories make sure to take weapon calibers into account as well, no one is going to shrug off 7.62
Feel free to @me if you have any questions, what ifs etc.
The information I found was only and (i assume) free for anyone to use https://bootcampmilitaryfitnessinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Battlefield-Casualty-Drills-Aide-Memoire-5ed-2007-01.pdf