I've written about a lot of people with varying degrees of damage, so I'll just hit the highlights without spoiling too much.
Gertrude "Tommy" Tomkins was born to high society, yet didn't fit in there due to an extremely severe stutter. She worked around her speech impediment by singing or by speaking French, which gave her no difficulty.
Jacqueline Cochran was rather deeply ashamed of her "poor white trash" roots. I think this helped give rise to her very hard-driving personality and a competitive streak so fierce, she didn't get along easily with WASP co-director Nancy Harkness Love. Even after Jackie's fame and fortune were well established, she still claimed her parents had adopted her.
Mildred Hemmons Carter always wore a flight suit even when on desk duty, as if to assert that she was every bit as qualified a pilot as the men she served with and was only kept mostly on the ground because of stupid reasons. Because it was the 1940's and she was a Black woman, it was all the more remarkable that nobody had a problem with that small show of defiance.